Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Miggin, SM;Palsson-McDermott, E;Dunne, A;Jefferies, C;Pinteaux, E;Banahan, K;Murphy, C;Moynagh, P;Yamamoto, M;Akira, S;Rothwelll, N;Golenbock, D;Fitzgerald, KA;O'Neill, LAJ
2007
February
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
NF-kappa B activation by the Toll-IL-1 receptor domain protein MyD88 adapter-like is regulated by caspase-1
Published
83 ()
Optional Fields
INTERLEUKIN-1-BETA CONVERTING-ENZYME INFLAMMATORY CASPASES ESCHERICHIA-COLI MICE DEFICIENT CYTOKINE APOPTOSIS IPAF ASC ENDOTOXEMIA IL-1-BETA
104
3372
3377
Toll-like receptors (TLRs)-2 and -4 are important proteins in innate immunity, recognizing microbial products and eliciting host defense responses. Both use the adapter proteins MyD88 and MyD88 adapterlike (Mal) to activate signaling pathways. Here we report that Mal but not MyD88 interacts with caspase-1, the enzyme that processes the precursors of the proinflarnmatory cytokines IL-1 beta and IL-18. The interaction was found in a yeast two-hybrid screen and was confirmed by reciprocal GST pull-downs and coimmunoprecipitation of enclogenous proteins. We were unable to implicate Mal in regulating caspase-1 activation. However, we found that Mal was cleaved by caspase-1 and that inhibition of caspase-1 activity blocked TLR2- and TLR4-mediated NF-kappa B and p38 MAP kinase activation but not IL-1 or TLR7 signaling, which are Mal independent. These responses, and the induction of TNF, were also attenuated in caspase-l-deficient cells. Finally, unlike wild-type Mal, a mutant Mal, which was not cleaved by caspase-1, was unable to signal and acted as a dominant negative inhibitor of TLR2 and TLR4 signaling. our study therefore reveals a role for caspase-1 in the regulation of TLR2 and TLR4 signaling pathways via an effect on Mal. This functional interaction reveals an important aspect of the coordination between TLRs and caspase-1 during the innate response to pathogens.
WASHINGTON
0027-8424
10.1073/pnas.0608100104
Grant Details