A new species, Uvaria vietnamensis C. Meade (Annonaceae), is described and illustrated. Resembling U. calamistrata Hance, this species is distinguished by its tomentose bearded fruit. The type material includes Poilane collections from Vietnam that were originally listed under "Uvaria fauveliana Pierre" by JOVET-AST (1938). The status of this latter taxon is also discussed. Â© Publications Scientifiques du MusÃ©um national d'Histoire naturelle.