Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Miggin S.;PÃ¥lsson-McDermott E.;Dunne A.;Jefferies C.;Pinteaux E.;Banahan K.;Murphy C.;Moynagh P.;Yamamoto M.;Akira S.;Rothwell N.;Golenbock D.;Fitzgerald K.;O'Neill L.
2007
February
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
NF-κB activation by the Toll-IL-1 receptor domain protein MyD88 adapter-like is regulated by caspase-1
Published
()
Optional Fields
Signaling Toll-like receptor
104
9
3372
3377
Toll-like receptors (TLRs)-2 and -4 are important proteins in innate immunity, recognizing microbial products and eliciting host defense responses. Both use the adapter proteins MyD88 and MyD88 adapter-like (Mal) to activate signaling pathways. Here we report that Mal but not MyD88 interacts with caspase-1, the enzyme that processes the precursors of the proinflammatory cytokines IL-1β and IL-18. The interaction was found in a yeast two-hybrid screen and was confirmed by reciprocal GST pull-downs and coimmunoprecipitation of endogenous proteins. We were unable to implicate Mal in regulating caspase-1 activation. However, we found that Mal was cleaved by caspase-1 and that inhibition of caspase-1 activity blocked TLR2- and TLR4-mediated NF-κB and p38 MAP kinase activation but not IL-1 or TLR7 signaling, which are Mal independent. These responses, and the induction of TNF, were also attenuated in caspase-1-deficient cells. Finally, unlike wild-type Mal, a mutant Mal, which was not cleaved by caspase-1, was unable to signal and acted as a dominant negative inhibitor of TLR2 and TLR4 signaling. Our study therefore reveals a role for caspase-1 in the regulation of TLR2 and TLR4 signaling pathways via an effect on Mal. This functional interaction reveals an important aspect of the coordination between TLRs and caspase-1 during the innate response to pathogens. © 2007 by The National Academy of Sciences of the USA.
0027-8424
10.1073/pnas.0608100104
Grant Details