By focusing on waste and its governance in the Republic of Ireland we can shed light on a particularly intense arena of conflict and contestation where the global neo-liberal agenda has come into direct confrontation with the needs of ecology and democracy. From this space and place in the semi-periphery we can build insights into networks of wasting and the networked political processes of waste governance. How neo-liberalism has impacted waste governance, what other ideologies have impacted on it, who has promoted these ideologies, and how successful resistance to a neo-liberal agenda has been, are some of the questions I will address in this article. In order to answer these questions I will first examine the proposition that waste is a glocal fluid, that it is global and local at one and the same time. Secondly, I will examine the state's involvement in the development of a waste management strategy, the competing discourses informing its actions and its politics in terms of its adherence to notions of democracy. In particular I seek to assess whether Ireland's semi-peripheral condition leads to a particular lack of state control over environmental regulation. Finally, I will examine community action against incineration in terms of the nature of the resistance offered, how it is generated and its possible impact. This is related to the broader theoretical and political question of whether semi-peripherality creates the conditions for greater popular resistance in terms of both motive and opportunity. I also relate the waste management crisis in Ireland to the complex "politics of scale" that frame this issue in global, regional, national and local terms. Â© 2004 The Center for Political Ecology.