Â© 2014 by Syracuse University Press. All rights reserved. In the fourth and final volume of the Memory Ireland series, Frawley and Oâ€™Callaghan explore the manifestations and values of cultural memory in Joyceâ€™s Ireland, both real and imagined. An exemplary author to consider in relation to questions of how it is that history is remembered and recycled, Joyce creates characters that confront particularly the fraught relationship between the individual and the historical past; the crisis of colonial history in relation to the colonized state; and the relationship between the individualâ€™s memory of his or her own past and the past of the broader culture. The collection includes leading Joyce scholars including Luke Gibbons, Vincent Cheng, and Declan Kiberd and considers such topics as Jewish memory in Ulysses, history and memory in Finnegans Wake, and Joyce and the Bible.