Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Hogan, AE;Gaoatswe, G;Lynch, L;Corrigan, MA;Woods, C;O'Connell, J;O'Shea, D
2014
April
Diabetologia
Glucagon-like peptide 1 analogue therapy directly modulates innate immune-mediated inflammation in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus
Published
26 ()
Optional Fields
ADIPOSE-TISSUE OBESITY EXENATIDE EXERTS GLP-1
57
781
784
Aims/hypothesis Glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) is a gut hormone used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. There is emerging evidence that GLP-1 has anti-inflammatory activity in humans, with murine studies suggesting an effect on macrophage polarisation. We hypothesised that GLP-1 analogue therapy in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus would affect the inflammatory macrophage molecule soluble CD163 (sCD163) and adipocytokine profile. Methods We studied ten obese type 2 diabetes mellitus patients starting GLP-1 analogue therapy at a hospital-based diabetes service. We investigated levels of sCD163, TNF-alpha, IL-1 beta, IL-6, adiponectin and leptin by ELISA, before and after 8 weeks of GLP-1 analogue therapy. Results GLP-1 analogue therapy reduced levels of the inflammatory macrophage activation molecule sCD163 (220 ng/ml vs 171 ng/ml, p < 0.001). This occurred independent of changes in body weight, fructosamine and HbA(1c). GLP-1 analogue therapy was associated with a decrease in levels of the inflammatory cytokines TNF-alpha (264 vs 149 pg/ml, p < 0.05), IL-1 beta (2,919 vs 748 pg/ml, p < 0.05) and IL-6 (1,379 vs 461 pg/ml p < 0.05) and an increase in levels of the anti-inflammatory adipokine adiponectin (4,480 vs 6,290 pg/ml, p < 0.002). Conclusions/interpretation In individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus, GLP-1 analogue therapy reduces the frequency of inflammatory macrophages. This effect is not dependent on the glycaemic or body weight effects of GLP-1.
NEW YORK
0012-186X
10.1007/s00125-013-3145-0
Grant Details