© Springer International Publishing AG 2017. All rights reserved. This book is divided into three elements. Part I provides a broad introduction to the foundations of computer music instruments, covering some key points in digital signal processing, with rigorous but approachable mathematics, and programming examples, as well as an overview of development environments for computer instruments. In Part II, the author presents synthesis and processing, with chapters on source-filter models, summation formulae, feedback and adaptive systems, granular methods, and frequency-domain techniques. In Part III he explains application development approaches, in particular communication protocols and user interfaces, and computer music platforms. All elements are fully illustrated with programming examples using Csound, Python, and Faust. The book is suitable for advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students in music and signal processing, and for practitioners and researchers.