© 2016 Nova Science Publishers, Inc. Chinese philosophy is usually regarded as the ‘other’ to Western philosophy. From this point of view, each of their respective reflections on and considerations of the other are often believed to be disparate. Whether this is a true belief, or not, depends on an examination of both Chinese and Western reflections on the other and their respective understandings of responsibility and the other. It is, of course, true to note that in recent years there has emerged a tendency towards globalisation, wherein various cultures have encountered each other quite frequently and in many different areas. This necessitates a quest to discover the spirit that is embedded in these cultures. There is, however, a possible danger behind the phenomenon of globalisation, namely that when people who come from different cultural backgrounds want to communicate and understand each other, they tend to establish a platform that is based upon agreed similarities in their different backgrounds. When people become used to these similarities, however, the differences in their backgrounds can be neglected, despite the fact that they do exist. When this globalised tendency progresses, these differences may lead to misunderstandings, and even obstacles, in communication. Thus, it would be useful to examine the issue of responsibility in this context to detect how to balance the ‘similarities’ and ‘differences’ between different cultures responsibly. Furthermore, this encounter of West and East will also remind us to be aware of the original boundaries, as well as the approaches that we have applied to researching these boundaries. Compared with the emphasis on ontology and the question of ‘what the good is’ in Western thought, Chinese thought stresses ethics and the question of ‘how to become good’ (Ivanhoe, 2000, p. ix). Thus, a focus on what Chinese philosophy has to say on responsibility would be a good place to begin.