Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Mooney, PA;Mulligan, FJ;Bruyere, CL;Parker, CL;Gill, DO
2019
January
Atmospheric Research
Investigating the performance of coupled WRF-ROMS simulations of Hurricane Irene (2011) in a regional climate modeling framework
Published
4 ()
Optional Fields
TURBULENCE CLOSURE-MODEL TROPICAL CYCLONES CUMULUS PARAMETERIZATION WEATHER RESEARCH BOUNDARY-LAYER CONVECTIVE PARAMETERIZATION OCEAN INTERACTION NEXT-GENERATION ERA-INTERIM EURO-CORDEX
215
57
74
Hurricane Irene (2011) was a category 3 tropical storm that resulted in severe flooding, causing at least 40 deaths and more than $15 billion in damaged property along the US northeastern seaboard (Avila and Cangialosi, 2011). This work analyzes the sensitivity of numerical simulations of this devastating storm to the physical parameterizations in the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model and a coupled modeling framework (WRF and the Regional Ocean Modeling System). Simulations were conducted in two 16-member physics ensembles, each included two radiation schemes, two cumulus schemes, two microphysics schemes, and two planetary boundary layer schemes. The simulations were evaluated primarily on the accuracy of the simulated track and the intensity of the storm compared to observations over a period of 5 days centered on the storm's maximum intensity. Cumulus and planetary boundary layer parameterizations were the most influential physics schemes with radiation and microphysics having much smaller effects. The simulated track, intensity, translational speed, and rainfall rate were particularly sensitive to cumulus schemes given the differences in representation of shallow convection. Tracks and rainfall rates also showed sensitivity to the inclusion or exclusion of local effects in the parameterization of planetary boundary layer processes. Using a grid spacing of 12 km, coupling an ocean model to WRF affected the storm track (with increased sensitivity to the cumulus scheme selected) and translational speed, but had very little effect on the rainfall rate or intensity of the storm, In terms of track accuracy, the optimal combination of physics parameterizations for WRF is not necessarily optimal for the coupled WRF-ROMS system.
NEW YORK
0169-8095
10.1016/j.atmosres.2018.08.017
Grant Details