Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Hyland, P;Ceannt, R;Daccache, F;Abou Daher, R;Sleiman, J;Gilmore, B;Byrne, S;Shevlin, M;Murphy, J;Vallieres, F
2018
April
Global Mental Health
Are posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex-PTSD distinguishable within a treatment-seeking sample of Syrian refugees living in Lebanon?
Published
0 ()
Optional Fields
CONSTRUCT-VALIDITY PROPOSED ICD-11 MODEL PROFILES CRITERIA ABUSE TQ
5
BackgroundThe World Health Organization will publish its 11(th) revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) in 2018. The ICD-11 will include a refined model of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and a new diagnosis of complex PTSD (CPTSD). Whereas emerging data supports the validity of these proposals, the discriminant validity of PTSD and CPTSD have yet to be tested amongst a sample of refugees.MethodsTreatment-seeking Syrian refugees (N=110) living in Lebanon completed an Arabic version of the International Trauma Questionnaire; a measure specifically designed to capture the symptom content of ICD-11 PTSD and CPTSD.ResultsIn total, 62.6% of the sample met the diagnostic criteria for PTSD or CPTSD. More refugees met the criteria for CPTSD (36.1%) than PTSD (25.2%) and no gender differences were observed. Latent class analysis results identified three distinct groups: (1) a PTSD class, (2) a CPTSD class and (3) a low symptom class. Class membership was significantly predicted by levels of functional impairment.ConclusionSupport for the discriminant validity of ICD-11 PTSD and CPTSD was observed for the first time within a sample of refugees. In support of the cross-cultural validity of the ICD-11 proposals, the prevalence of PTSD and CPTSD were similar to those observed in culturally distinct contexts.
CAMBRIDGE
2054-4251
10.1017/gmh.2018.2
Grant Details