Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Hyland P;Murphy J;Shevlin M;Carey S;Vallières F;Murphy D;Elklit A;
2018
May
Journal of Affective Disorders
Correlates of a general psychopathology factor in a clinical sample of childhood sexual abuse survivors.
Published
0 ()
Optional Fields
232
Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) increases risk for most psychiatric disorders. There is evidence that the structure of psychopathology can be explained by a number of latent dimensions of psychopathology including a 'General Psychopathology' (P) factor. The objective of the current study was to provide the first assessment as to whether P is identifiable, and what its correlates might be in a clinical sample. An adult, clinical sample of Danish CSA survivors (N = 420) was assessed using the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III. Confirmatory factory analysis (CFA) was used to assess the latent structure of nine psychiatric disorders, and structural equation modelling (SEM) was used to determine correlates of the best-fitting dimensional model. CFA results favoured a bifactor model including three specific dimensions of psychopathology, "Internalizing", "Externalizing", and "Thought Disorder", and a bi-factor "P". A SEM model that included ten predictors was a good fit to the data and explained 55% of variance in 'P'. The 'P' factor was significantly associated with emotional coping, negative self-worth, traumatic life events, and anxious attachments. Psychiatric disorders were assessed using self-report measures, and the sample was predominately female. Results provide initial evidence of P in a clinical sample and several unique correlates of this factor were identified.
1573-2517
10.1016/j.jad.2018.02.048
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