Book Chapter Details
Mandatory Fields
Kavanagh, Aoife and Till, Karen E.
2020 Unknown
International Encyclopedia of Human Geography, Second Ed.
New York
In Press
Optional Fields
ethnography, qualitative methods
Ethnography as practiced by geographers is an immersive research strategy that seeks to understand how people create and experience their everyday worlds. Historically emerging from Anthropology’s and Geography’s colonial legacies of “scientific exploration,” ethnography now is attentive to the ethical responsibilities of studying the complex relationships between peoples, places, things, institutions and nonhuman natures. Researchers must be attentive to the complex ways knowledges are (co-)created, generated and represented, remain aware of his/her own positionality, perspectives, and experiences, and take seriously questions of voice, authority and authorship in their work. Ethnography is an iterative research process, wherein the categories of interpretation emerge from, rather than precede, an ethnographic study. Ethnographers highlight emic over etic meanings to examine and understand the nuances and messiness of lived worlds. Ethnographers deploy qualitative and mixed research and analyses methods, and may adopt collaborative, participatory, creative and alternative research designs to give back to the peoples and places studied, decolonize the generation of knowledge, and broaden audiences. Geographer-ethnographers today examine a range of spatial meaning-making practices, including how people make places, create local knowledges, navigate landscapes of memory, sustain more-than-human relationships, challenge socio/political borderlands, inhabit body spaces, shape shared spaces, and experience sensory and mobile geographies.
Kobayashi, Audrey
Grant Details